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Hyperlipidemia

06/15/2009 - Questions and Answers

Hyperlipidemia

By: Novoviva webmaster

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Question

My triglyceride levels are 362-mg/dl and cholesterol 263 mg/dl, I have started doing a sport and a diet.

Do you think that I would need more to lower it down, also, does stress have any effect in both triglyceride and cholesterol level?
 

Answer

You will realise after reading our information, your triglyceride levels are too high, but the cholesterol level needs some clarification, as there are different types of cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol is often called the "good" cholesterol, and needs to be high.
 

To answer your second question, new research has found that it's not just diet, regular exercise and no smoking that influences cholesterol levels -- psychological stress and personality traits also play a role. Regarding this, please see related links below.

 

The various cholesterols are indeed perplexing. High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol is often called the "good" cholesterol because it helps "cleanse" cholesterol from the blood vessels, and the higher this is the better. In contrast, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol is often referred to as the "bad" cholesterol. Over time, it can accumulate in the blood vessels with other substances to form plaques. That can cause a blockage, resulting in heart attack or stroke. Triglyceride belongs with the "bad" cholesterol. It is a lipid, or neutral fat consisting of glycerol combined with three (tri-) fatty acid molecules. Triglycerides are synthesized from the products of dietary fat. They are the form in which fat is stored in the body.
 

Total Cholesterol should be below 200mg/dl - between 200 - 239 is borderline and it's high risk over 240 mg/dl but LDL needs to be below 130 mg/dl, between 131 - 159 is borderline and above 160mg/dl is high risk. Triglycerides should be below 150 mg/dl Borderline high levels are 150-199 mg/dl. High levels are 200 - 499 mg/dL, The HDL should be higher than 60 mg/dl. Border line is between 59 -35 and high risk is below 35mg/dl. LDL-cholesterol should be reduced in high-risk subjects ( those with other risk factors for heart disease, and/ or diabetes) to 100 mg/dL or less.
 

Hyperlipidemia is an elevation of lipids (fats) in the bloodstream. These lipids include cholesterol, cholesterol esters (compounds), phospholipids and triglycerides. Diet, regular exercise and stopping smoking should be the first line of attack. Sometimes, however, medication is necessary to modify the triglyceride and cholesterol levels, but it should be taken in conjunction with diet and exercise, NOT instead of. It is important to have regular cholesterol level checks, and your doctor will be the one to decide if medication is required. The Statin drugs treat high cholesterol, whilst lipid regulating agents treat hyperlipidemia( high triglycerides) By eating a healthy diet you help raise the "good" cholesterol levels and lower the "bad" cholesterol levels.
 

It is important to eat foods that are low in saturated fats, total fats and cholesterol. Some dietary fat is needed for good health. Fats supply energy and essential fatty acids, and permit absorption of the fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K Choose low- fat milk products, lean meats, fish, poultry, beans and peas to get essential nutrients without substantially increasing calorie and saturated fat intake. Eat less red meat, especially ground beef and fatty processed meat like sausages and hot dogs, and full-fat dairy products like whole milk, regular cheese, ice cream, and butter. High fibre foods: breads, pasta, rice, cereals, dried peas and beans, fruits and vegetables are good sources of complex carbohydrates (starch and fibre). They are excellent substitutes for foods that are high in saturated fat and cholesterol. The type of fibre found in foods such as oat and barley bran, some fruits like apples and oranges, and in some dried beans may even help reduce blood cholesterol levels. Fruits and vegetables raise your energy level and provide fibre to help lower cholesterol, regulate blood sugar, reduce cancer risk and prevent intestinal problems. They've also been linked to helping control high blood pressure. Five a day - that's the magic number of servings of As well as eating a healthy diet, Regular Exercise is also necessary to reduce and/or maintain normal body weight, along with No smoking. Alcohol should not be taken in excess, but 2 glasses of red wine daily may actually be beneficial in early cardiovascular disorders. Stress management is also very important.
 

Related Links
How to eat to lower your cholesterol
How to start exercising
Stress and cholesterol levels
Stress may increase cholesterol levels
Coping with stress
Recipes for Low-Fat and Low-Cholesterol Meals

Created on: 06/20/2006
Reviewed on: 06/15/2009

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