Osteoporosis is a bone disease that leads to an increased risk of fracture. Osteoporosis is most common in women after menopause, but may also develop in men, and may occur in anyone in the presence of certain hormonal disorders, other chronic diseases or as a result of medications.

Osteoporosis can be prevented with lifestyle changes and sometimes medication. Lifestyle changes include regular exercise and learning to prevent falls. Exercise has an anabolic effect which may stop or reverse osteoporosis. Fall-prevention advice includes exercise to tone deambulatory muscles, proprioception-improvement exercises and equilibrium therapies. Some common medications include calcium, vitamin D, bisphosphonates and several others.

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