Symptoms of asthma attacks occur wheezing on exhalation, shortness of breath (the inability to perform free breath), feeling of fullness in the chest, unproductive cough. When the patient sits leaning forward, fix the shoulder girdle, grasped for something to hand - with the aim to connect the greatest possible number of muscles in the act of exhalation. He makes short breaths and then, painfully straining, wheezing and whistling long exhales. The resulting bronchial obstruction partially or completely reversible, independently or under the buy ventolin online influence of treatment. The equivalent of a bronchial asthma attack may be painful episodes of dry cough. Other symptoms of asthma - a runny nose and sneezing, which may precede the attack. In between attacks the patient can not make any complaints, and asthma symptoms may occur only in the form of small wheezing on exhalation, which are found in the patient's listening. Disease severity is determined by the frequency of occurrence of attacks and how easy they are stopped.
The forms of asthma.
Depending on the cause, which causes seizures, isolated exogenous bronchial asthma (attacks are provoked by exposure to the bronchial mucosa allergens originating from the external environment - pollen, animal hair, mold, tiny mites present in house dust) and endogenous (seizures caused in a result of infection, psycho-emotional stress, cold exposure and other internal mechanisms of activation of an allergic reaction).
Causes of asthma.
The main cause of asthma is increased sensitivity to stimuli of the bronchial tree. This may be due to the genetic predisposition and exposure to environmental factors, which include contact with various allergens or toxic substances, and frequent colds. Development of asthma may be triggered by certain medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin).
Treatment of asthma includes means of basic therapy, which affect the mechanism of the disease itself - their patients prevent the development of asthma attacks, and symptomatic drugs that affect only the bronchial smooth muscle and relax it than shoot attack. For basic drugs include hormones (cromolyn sodium and nedocromil sodium), inhaled glucocorticosteroids (budesonide, ciclesonide, beclomethasone dipropionate, mometasone furoate, flunisolide, triamtsenolona acetonide, azmokort, fluticasone propionate), leukotriene receptor antagonists (zafirlukast, montelukast, pranlukast), monoclonal antibodies . For symptomatic treatment drugs include the following agents: beta-2 agonists (formoterol, salmeterol, indacaterol, fenoterol, salbutamol, terbutaline (brikanil)), xanthines (aminophylline used for emergency relief of an attack, and theophylline with long-acting). Effective treatment of asthma is based on respect for the right balance between the means of basic and symptomatic therapy.
Complications of asthma
With frequent and prolonged attacks of the patient may gradually formed pulmonary emphysema, pulmonary heart and increase the phenomenon of cardiopulmonary diseases.
Prevention of bronchial asthma.
Eliminating risk factors can improve the course of disease or to prevent its development. Patients with allergic asthma exogenous primarily matter eliminating exposure to the allergen. For this purpose it is necessary to remove most dust to eliminate foci of tick habitat. If there is an increased reactivity to animal fur should give the content of the house animals. It is necessary to completely eliminate smoking in rooms where there are children. Active smoking reduces the effectiveness of the treatment, therefore all patients who smoke should quit smoking. It is necessary to carry out an annual influenza vaccination. Patients should protect themselves and others from infection (rhinitis, sinusitis), especially during the cold season. Patients with aspirin-induced asthma should avoid taking aspirin and other anti-inflammatory drugs nesteroidynyh.
The doctors involved in the treatment of this disease
Join a doctor pulmonologist via the Internet. To write to the lung, you need just a click away. Recording a doctor pulmonologist online. Sometimes patients rather difficult to navigate in the names of doctors and their specializations. Therefore, those who are not faced with such a specialist, as a pulmonologist, not immediately able to determine which medicine is competent to this doctor. In fact, everything is simple. In the old days, when the science of medicine was in its infancy, it was all in Latin, prescriptions, diagnoses, and even the names of doctors speaking in between. This helped keep the medical secret, which was quite convenient. Today, Latin is not used as often, but the name remains the same medical specialties. Therefore, to understand who is a pulmonologist doctor, you need to translate a word from Latin. In Latin, "pulmonum" - is light. Accordingly, pulmonologist - a specialist who deals with diseases of the respiratory tract. This can be attributed, and cough, and shortness of breath, and asthma, and many other ailments.